how to treat external hemorrhoids bleeding

how to treat external hemorrhoids bleeding


Image Source: FreeImages‍





Struggling with external hemorrhoids that just won't stop bleeding? You're not alone. Hemorrhoids can be a painful and embarrassing condition, affecting millions of people worldwide. But don't worry, there are effective treatment options available to alleviate the discomfort and help you get back on track.

In this article, we will explore the best ways to treat external hemorrhoids bleeding and provide you with valuable insights to relieve your symptoms. We'll discuss both traditional and natural remedies, offering a comprehensive approach to finding relief.

From over-the-counter medications to soothing sitz baths and dietary adjustments, we'll cover all aspects of hemorrhoid treatment options. We will also address lifestyle modifications that can help prevent future flare-ups.

Don't suffer in silence. With the right treatment plan and proper care, you can manage the bleeding caused by external hemorrhoids effectively. Let's dive in and discover the strategies that can bring you much-needed relief.

Remember, it's always important to consult with a healthcare professional before attempting any treatments on your own.


Understanding External Hemorrhoids

External hemorrhoids are swollen veins located in the lower rectum and anus. They can cause discomfort, pain, and bleeding. Unlike internal hemorrhoids, which occur inside the rectum, external hemorrhoids develop under the skin around the anus. They can be felt as small, itchy bumps or lumps.

The main cause of external hemorrhoids is increased pressure on the veins in the rectal area. This pressure can be due to various factors, such as straining during bowel movements, pregnancy, obesity, chronic diarrhea, or sitting for prolonged periods.


Symptoms and Causes of External Hemorrhoids Bleeding

One of the most common symptoms of external hemorrhoids is bleeding. When the swollen veins rupture, they can cause bright red blood to appear on the toilet paper, in the toilet bowl, or on the surface of the stool. Other symptoms may include itching, pain, discomfort, swelling, and a feeling of fullness in the rectal area.

The main causes of external hemorrhoids bleeding include excessive straining during bowel movements, chronic constipation, diarrhea, pregnancy, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle. These factors put additional pressure on the veins, leading to their swelling and subsequent bleeding.


Diagnosing External Hemorrhoids Bleeding

To properly diagnose external hemorrhoids bleeding, it's essential to seek medical advice. A healthcare professional will perform a physical examination and may also recommend additional tests, such as a digital rectal examination or anoscopy, to evaluate the extent and severity of the hemorrhoids.

During a digital rectal examination, the doctor will insert a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to feel for any abnormalities. An anoscopy involves using a small, lighted tube to examine the anal canal and lower rectum. These diagnostic procedures help determine the appropriate treatment options for managing external hemorrhoids bleeding.


Home Remedies for Treating External Hemorrhoids Bleeding

If you're experiencing external hemorrhoids bleeding, there are several home remedies you can try to alleviate the symptoms and promote healing. These remedies are often effective in mild cases and can provide temporary relief. However, it's important to note that they may not eliminate the underlying cause of the hemorrhoids.

One popular home remedy is the sitz bath. This involves soaking the affected area in warm water for 10 to 15 minutes, two to three times a day. The warm water helps reduce inflammation and soothes the discomfort associated with external hemorrhoids. Adding Epsom salts or witch hazel to the sitz bath can provide further relief.

Another home remedy is applying a cold compress or ice pack to the affected area. The cold temperature helps reduce swelling and numbs the area, providing temporary pain relief. Be sure to wrap the ice pack in a cloth to protect your skin from direct contact with the cold.

Additionally, incorporating high-fiber foods into your diet can help soften the stool and make bowel movements more comfortable. Foods rich in fiber include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes. Drinking plenty of water is also essential to maintain hydration and prevent constipation.


Over-the-Counter Treatments for External Hemorrhoids Bleeding

In addition to home remedies, there are various over-the-counter treatments available for managing external hemorrhoids bleeding. These treatments can provide temporary relief and help reduce symptoms.

One common over-the-counter option is the use of topical creams, ointments, or suppositories. These products often contain ingredients such as hydrocortisone, witch hazel, or lidocaine, which help reduce inflammation, itching, and pain. It's important to follow the instructions provided and avoid using these products for more than a week without consulting a healthcare professional.

Another over-the-counter option is the use of medicated wipes or pads. These pre-moistened wipes or pads contain soothing ingredients like witch hazel and aloe vera, which can provide relief when applied to the affected area after bowel movements. They are convenient to use and can help keep the area clean and reduce irritation.


Medical Procedures for Treating External Hemorrhoids Bleeding

In cases where home remedies and over-the-counter treatments are not effective, medical procedures may be necessary to treat external hemorrhoids bleeding. These procedures are typically performed by healthcare professionals and aim to remove or shrink the hemorrhoids.

One common medical procedure is rubber band ligation. During this procedure, a small rubber band is placed around the base of the hemorrhoid, cutting off its blood supply. Over time, the hemorrhoid shrinks and falls off. Rubber band ligation is a minimally invasive procedure that is usually performed in a doctor's office.

Another medical procedure is sclerotherapy. This involves injecting a chemical solution into the blood vessels surrounding the hemorrhoid, causing them to shrink and eventually disappear. Sclerotherapy is often used for smaller hemorrhoids and can be performed on an outpatient basis.


Lifestyle Changes to Prevent External Hemorrhoids Bleeding

Preventing external hemorrhoids bleeding involves making certain lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of flare-ups. These changes can help alleviate symptoms and promote overall rectal health.

One important lifestyle change is maintaining good bowel habits. This includes avoiding straining during bowel movements, taking your time on the toilet, and not holding in stools. Straining and prolonged sitting on the toilet can put excessive pressure on the veins and contribute to the development of hemorrhoids.

Regular exercise is also beneficial as it promotes healthy bowel movements and improves blood circulation. Engaging in physical activity for at least 30 minutes a day can help prevent constipation and reduce the risk of hemorrhoids.

Maintaining a healthy diet is crucial for preventing external hemorrhoids bleeding. Consuming a diet rich in fiber, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes, can help soften the stool and promote regular bowel movements. Avoiding processed foods, sugary snacks, and excessive caffeine can also contribute to better digestive health.


When to See a Doctor for External Hemorrhoids Bleeding

While many cases of external hemorrhoids bleeding can be managed at home, there are instances where seeking medical attention is necessary. It's important to consult a healthcare professional if:

  • The bleeding persists or becomes severe
  • You experience excessive pain or discomfort
  • The hemorrhoids are accompanied by other concerning symptoms
  • Home remedies and over-the-counter treatments are not providing relief

A healthcare professional can evaluate your condition, provide a proper diagnosis, and recommend appropriate treatment options based on the severity of your external hemorrhoids bleeding.


Tips for Managing External Hemorrhoids Bleeding

In addition to the treatments and lifestyle changes mentioned, there are a few additional tips that can help manage external hemorrhoids bleeding:

  • Avoid using rough toilet paper. Instead, opt for soft, unscented toilet paper or moistened wipes.
  • Gently clean the anal area after bowel movements with mild soap and warm water.
  • Avoid sitting or standing for prolonged periods. Take breaks and move around to improve blood circulation.
  • Wear loose-fitting cotton underwear to allow air circulation and minimize irritation.
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects as it can increase pressure on the rectal area.



External hemorrhoids bleeding can be a distressing condition, but with the right treatment plan and lifestyle modifications, it can be effectively managed. From home remedies and over-the-counter treatments to medical procedures and preventive measures, there are numerous options available to alleviate symptoms and promote healing.

Remember, it's important to consult with a healthcare professional to receive a proper diagnosis and guidance on the most suitable treatment options for your specific condition. Don't let external hemorrhoids bleeding control your life. Take action and regain your comfort and well-being.

What are external hemorrhoids?

External hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels located under the skin around the anus. They can cause discomfort, pain, and bleeding. Hemorrhoids can be internal or external, with external hemorrhoids being more prone to bleeding.

What causes external hemorrhoids to bleed?

External hemorrhoids can bleed due to various factors, including:

  • Straining during bowel movements
  • Prolonged sitting or standing
  • Chronic constipation or diarrhea
  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Heavy lifting

How can you treat external hemorrhoids bleeding?

While external hemorrhoids bleeding can be uncomfortable and concerning, there are several effective treatment options available:

1. Apply cold compresses

Applying cold compresses to the affected area can help reduce swelling and alleviate bleeding. Wrap ice cubes in a clean cloth and gently apply it to the hemorrhoids for 10 to 15 minutes at a time.

2. Take warm baths

Soaking in a warm bath, also known as a sitz bath, can provide relief from bleeding and discomfort. Fill a bathtub with warm water and sit in it for 15 to 20 minutes. Repeat this several times a day.

3. Use over-the-counter creams or ointments

There are various over-the-counter creams and ointments available that can help reduce bleeding and relieve symptoms. Look for products containing ingredients like witch hazel or hydrocortisone.

4. Increase fiber intake

A high-fiber diet can soften the stool and make bowel movements easier, reducing the strain on hemorrhoids. Include foods rich in fiber, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes, in your diet.

5. Stay hydrated

Drinking an adequate amount of water can help prevent constipation and promote regular bowel movements. Aim to drink at least 8 glasses of water per day.

6. Avoid straining

Avoid straining during bowel movements, as it can worsen bleeding and discomfort. If you're having difficulty passing stool, try using a stool softener or a gentle laxative under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

7. Practice good hygiene

Keep the anal area clean and dry to prevent further irritation. After bowel movements, gently clean the area with fragrance-free, moistened toilet paper or a gentle cleansing wipe. Avoid using harsh soaps or wipes with alcohol.

8. Consult a healthcare professional

If the bleeding persists or becomes severe, it is important to consult a healthcare professional. They can provide a proper diagnosis and recommend appropriate treatment options, such as rubber band ligation or surgical removal.


External hemorrhoids bleeding can be managed effectively with various treatment options. By following these tips and seeking medical advice when necessary, individuals can find relief from bleeding and discomfort associated with external hemorrhoids.

Back to blog