how to treat external hemorrhoids after pregnancy

how to treat external hemorrhoids after pregnancy


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Are you a new mom experiencing the frustrating discomfort of external hemorrhoids after pregnancy? Don't worry, you're not alone. Hemorrhoids are a common condition that many women face during and after pregnancy. These swollen blood vessels can be not only painful but also embarrassing.

In this article, we will explore effective and safe ways to treat external hemorrhoids after pregnancy, so you can get back to enjoying motherhood without any unnecessary pain. From natural remedies to over-the-counter solutions, we will provide you with a comprehensive guide to help alleviate your symptoms.

Whether you're dealing with itching, swelling, or pain, you'll find practical advice tailored to your needs. We understand that as a new mom, your time is precious, so we'll also discuss time-saving tips and lifestyle changes that can prevent future flare-ups.

Let us guide you on your journey to finding relief from external hemorrhoids, so you can focus on what's most important – bonding with your little one. Say goodbye to discomfort and hello to a healthier, happier postpartum experience.


What are External Hemorrhoids?

External hemorrhoids, also known as perianal hematoma, are swollen blood vessels located under the skin around the anus. These hemorrhoids can occur during pregnancy due to increased pressure on the veins in the pelvic area. They can range in size and severity, causing symptoms such as itching, pain, and bleeding.

It's important to differentiate external hemorrhoids from internal hemorrhoids. External hemorrhoids develop below the dentate line and are covered by sensitive skin, which can lead to symptoms such as itching and discomfort. Internal hemorrhoids, on the other hand, develop above the dentate line and are covered by mucous membrane, causing painless bleeding.

While external hemorrhoids can be uncomfortable and bothersome, the good news is that there are various treatment options available to provide relief and promote healing.


Causes and Risk Factors of External Hemorrhoids After Pregnancy

During pregnancy, the growing uterus puts pressure on the veins in the lower rectum and anus. This increased pressure can lead to the development of external hemorrhoids. Additionally, hormonal changes during pregnancy can weaken the walls of the blood vessels, making them more susceptible to swelling and inflammation.

There are several risk factors that can increase the likelihood of developing external hemorrhoids after pregnancy:

  1. Constipation: Straining during bowel movements can put additional pressure on the veins in the rectal area, leading to hemorrhoid formation.
  2. Prolonged sitting: Sitting for long periods can restrict blood flow to the rectal area, increasing the risk of hemorrhoids.
  3. Obesity: Excess weight can contribute to increased pressure on the veins, making hemorrhoids more likely.
  4. Lack of physical activity: Regular exercise helps promote healthy bowel movements and prevents constipation, reducing the risk of hemorrhoids.
  5. Genetics: Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to developing hemorrhoids.

By understanding these causes and risk factors, you can take proactive steps to prevent the occurrence of external hemorrhoids after pregnancy.


Symptoms of External Hemorrhoids After Pregnancy

Identifying the symptoms of external hemorrhoids is crucial for proper diagnosis and treatment. Here are some common signs to look out for:

  1. Itching and irritation: External hemorrhoids can cause intense itching and irritation around the anal area.
  2. Pain and discomfort: Hemorrhoids can be painful, especially when sitting or during bowel movements.
  3. Bleeding: Bright red blood on toilet paper or in the toilet bowl after a bowel movement is a common symptom of external hemorrhoids.
  4. Swelling and inflammation: Hemorrhoids may appear as small, swollen lumps around the anus.
  5. Mucus discharge: Some individuals may experience a mucus-like discharge from the anus.

If you're experiencing any of these symptoms, it's important to consult with your healthcare provider for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.


Home Remedies for Treating External Hemorrhoids After Pregnancy

There are several effective home remedies that can provide relief from external hemorrhoids. These natural treatments can be easily incorporated into your daily routine, offering a safe and convenient option for postpartum moms. Here are some home remedies to consider:

  1. Warm sitz baths: Soaking in warm water for 10-15 minutes several times a day can help soothe the affected area and reduce inflammation.
  2. Ice packs: Applying cold compresses or ice packs to the external hemorrhoids can help numb the area and reduce swelling.
  3. Topical creams and ointments: Over-the-counter creams containing witch hazel or hydrocortisone can provide temporary relief from itching and discomfort.
  4. Healthy diet and hydration: Consuming a diet rich in fiber and drinking plenty of water can help soften stools and prevent constipation, reducing the strain on hemorrhoids.
  5. Kegel exercises: Strengthening the pelvic floor muscles through Kegel exercises can improve blood circulation in the rectal area, reducing the risk of hemorrhoids.

While home remedies can be effective in managing mild cases of external hemorrhoids, it's important to note that severe or persistent symptoms may require medical intervention.

What are external hemorrhoids?

External hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels located around the anus. They can cause discomfort, pain, and itching. External hemorrhoids are common during pregnancy due to increased pressure on the veins in the rectal area.

How can external hemorrhoids be treated after pregnancy?

After pregnancy, it is important to take steps to treat external hemorrhoids and alleviate the associated symptoms. Here are some effective treatment options:

1. Maintain good hygiene

Keeping the anal area clean is crucial for preventing infection and promoting healing. After each bowel movement, gently clean the area with fragrance-free, alcohol-free wipes or warm water. Avoid using harsh soaps or toilet paper that may irritate the hemorrhoids.

2. Apply cold compresses

Cold compresses can help reduce swelling and provide temporary relief from pain and itching. Wrap a few ice cubes in a clean cloth and apply it to the affected area for 10-15 minutes several times a day.

3. Use over-the-counter creams or ointments

There are various over-the-counter creams and ointments available that can help relieve the symptoms of external hemorrhoids. Look for products containing ingredients like witch hazel or hydrocortisone, which can reduce inflammation and itching. Follow the instructions on the packaging for proper application.

4. Take warm sitz baths

Soaking in a warm sitz bath can provide soothing relief for external hemorrhoids. Fill a bathtub or basin with warm water and sit in it for 10-15 minutes. Repeat this several times a day to reduce swelling and promote healing.

5. Increase fiber intake

A high-fiber diet can help soften the stool and make bowel movements easier, reducing the strain on the hemorrhoids. Include foods rich in fiber, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes, in your daily meals. Additionally, drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and prevent constipation.

6. Avoid straining during bowel movements

Straining during bowel movements can worsen the symptoms of external hemorrhoids. To prevent straining, try to establish regular bowel habits and avoid delaying the urge to have a bowel movement. If needed, use a stool softener or fiber supplement to make the stool easier to pass.

7. Consult a healthcare professional

If the symptoms of external hemorrhoids persist or worsen despite home remedies, it is important to consult a healthcare professional. They can provide further guidance and recommend additional treatment options, such as prescription medications or procedures, if necessary.


External hemorrhoids after pregnancy can be uncomfortable, but with proper treatment and self-care, the symptoms can be managed effectively. By maintaining good hygiene, using cold compresses, applying over-the-counter creams, taking warm sitz baths, increasing fiber intake, avoiding straining during bowel movements, and seeking professional advice when needed, women can find relief from external hemorrhoids and focus on enjoying their post-pregnancy journey.

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